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"Which is better: to fear all snakes and keep out of danger, or become educated and fear those only that can be harmful to you?" - Bill Haast on the Discovery Channel

There are about 54 species and sub species of snakes found in Louisiana, only 7 are venomous and a danger to humans.


There are SEVEN species of venomous snakes that inhabit Louisiana. Anyone who lives in or visits Louisiana should make themselves aware of these snakes, and learn how to identify them. Children especially, whom snakes often fascinate, should be made aware of these 7 species. A lot of snakebites occur because people are uninformed about the venomous snakes that inhabit Louisiana, and mistakenly think them harmless. The best rule of thumb is - if you don't know what kind of snake it is - leave it alone.

Southern Copperhead
Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix
scopper_1.JPG (96330 bytes)
Western Cottonmouth
Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma
Canebrake Rattlesnake
Crotalus horridus atricaudatus
cane_1.jpg (144038 bytes)
A Guide to the Rattlesnakes of the United States
by Brian Hubbs & Brendan O’Connor
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Crotalus adamanteus
edb_1.jpg (114242 bytes)
Conservation Guide to the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
by Walter W. Timmerman & William H. Martin 
Western Pygmy Rattlesnake
Sistrurus miliarius streckeri
sistrurus_miliarius_streckeri-03.jpg (141554 bytes)
Eastern Coral Snake
Micrurus fulvius
southerncoral_01.jpg (151229 bytes)
Texas Coral Snake
Micrurus tener
M.t.tener-04.jpg (253482 bytes)

A word of caution: If you find a snake, and you do not know whether or not it is venomous, the safest thing to do is leave it alone. Most snakes are not aggressive and, unless they are cornered, most will flee when humans approach. Occasionally, you might encounter one that is reluctant to leave because it is basking in the sun to get warm. Among snakebite victims, an unacceptably high number are bitten on the hands and arms when they are handling the snake. Do not catch a snake and do not handle one unless you are sure it is not venomous. In addition, for a short time after a snake is killed, its reflexes may continue to work. Those reflexes typically cause the body to writhe slowly for a while, but they can cause a convulsive contraction and a bite, so you should not handle a freshly killed venomous snake.
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